Author Topic: Shot shell loading  (Read 59187 times)

Offline Sir Charles deMouton-Black

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #60 on: February 07, 2013, 03:48:14 PM »
I have this one;

http://www.ebay.com/itm/MEC-SUPER-SIZER-RESIZER-12-GAUGE-SS77-/271151610037?pt=LH_DefaultDomain_0&hash=item3f21e538b5

It only sizes about an inch, so I turn the shell mouth-end-down and crank the lever again.  I still doesn't get the middle.
NCOWS #1154, SCORRS, STORM, BROW, 1860 Henry, Dirty Rat 502, CHINOOK COUNTRY
THE SUBLYME & HOLY ORDER OF THE SOOT (SHOTS)
Those who are no longer ignorant of History may relive it,
without the Blood, Sweat, and Tears.
With apologies to George Santayana & W. S. Churchill

"As Mark Twain once put it, “History doesn’t repeat itself, but it does rhyme.”

Offline Abilene

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #61 on: February 07, 2013, 04:36:32 PM »
Sir Charles, that is the first time I had heard of the "Gunmaker's Rule" regarding shot weight versus gun weight.  Very interesting.

Harley, here is the sizing tool I use:



I got it some years ago from Nate Kiowa Jones.  It is a 1/2" thick steel bar, with the holes chamfered.  I place the bar over the open jaws of a vice and pound the lubed hull down through the .795" hole with a rubber mallet.  Then turn it over, insert a socket driver inside the hull (so the socket goes around the primer pocket and doesn't flatten it) and drive it back out.  Rarely does a hull need to also go through the .790 hole. 

From your description of your brass hulls (20 years old, 209 primer) it sounds like they might be the ones from Rocky Mtn. Cartridge Co. which are turned down from bar stock and are very heavy duty.  These will be difficult to size, but once sized will probably never need it again.

Good luck.

Offline joec

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #62 on: February 07, 2013, 04:46:02 PM »
Question for brass hull users, what are you using for dies? The brass hulls I have are old ones that I bought new 20 years ago and have the shotgun primers. I nearly stuck one in my MEC shotgun press and will not slide into my old SXS as they are. So they need to be sized down. Even if I get the new brass hulls with rifle primers, will they need to be sized down after being fired? Doesnt look like the RCBS dies size them. Is there a die set that will work in my RockChucker? Buffalo Arms lists a set that sounds like they would size but at $191 for the die set, a fellow really needs to be committed to the brass hulls. Or, maybe just committed period!!!

I'm using a pretty simple setup with RCBS Cowboy die as well as a wad/powder compress piece that I had made to fit through the center of the setup. It works real well for Black Powder loaded Magtech shells. The Press is the Lee Classic Cast (not Breech Lock one as that won't go to 1 1/4" die size).
Joe
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Offline harleydavis

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #63 on: February 07, 2013, 04:50:51 PM »
From your description of your brass hulls (20 years old, 209 primer) it sounds like they might be the ones from Rocky Mtn. Cartridge Co. which are turned down from bar stock and are very heavy duty.  These will be difficult to size, but once sized will probably never need it again.

Good luck.
Yeah, that was the outfit alright. They are indeed, very thick. I think a person could step on them with no effect. I will have to see if I can find one of those sizing tools you have. That might be the trick deal.
I remain, respectfully,
Harley Davis
"I do not believe in ghosts so I do not burn a candle waiting for them. As to the killing of a bad man, when it comes to a fight, it is the other man or me. And when the deed is done, why bother the mind? Afterall, the killing of a bad man should not bother anymore than the killing of a rat, a vicious cat or an ugly dog" James Butler Hickok when asked if he ever thought about the men he had killed.

Offline Bibbyman

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #64 on: November 08, 2013, 09:08:16 PM »
Ok,  I've done a lot of reading.  Time for you guys to check my homework.

I have two 12 ga SxS.  One is an old Stevens 5110 with 30" F/M barrels.  The other is a new Stoeger Uplander with 28" M/IC.

The old Stevens,  although heavier,  seems to kick harder than the Stoegar using the same shells. Could be longer forcing cones in the Stoeger? 

If I wanted to load black in the Stevens,  I should use less powder volume than shot - say 3/4 (volume) to 1 oz shot.  Better to use fiber wads. But the same load in Stoeger would benefit from shot cup - either cut off plastic wad cup or homemade.

Mary and I recently handled a Stoeger coach gun.  We still like the longer barreled Uplander better.

I've seen advertised reclaimed shot that has been washed, screened and coated with something.   Would there be a problem using it if any were found local?

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #65 on: Today at 12:28:42 AM »

Offline Sir Charles deMouton-Black

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #65 on: November 08, 2013, 11:09:02 PM »
The variation in felt recoil could be due to differences in stock shape.

A common load for me is 1 oz of shot over about 60 grains of FFg.  This is very close to your 25% less than equal volume load,

Go for shot cups if the pattern won't stay within a one foot circle at CAS ranges of ABOUT 15 yards.

Personally, I don't recommend sawdoffs,(Generally they will shoot high.) but think that if you want a shortgun, buy a factory made piece. When you get it, pattern it properly for effective pattern and that the POI is not too high.  If you are going to miss with a scattergun it will usually shoot high as there is a tendency to improperly shoulder the gun when things get fast & furious, as well as not keeping a good cheek/stock weld.  Both cause overshooting.

I've not had access to reclaimed shot, but hear good things about it, at at least at our short ranges.
NCOWS #1154, SCORRS, STORM, BROW, 1860 Henry, Dirty Rat 502, CHINOOK COUNTRY
THE SUBLYME & HOLY ORDER OF THE SOOT (SHOTS)
Those who are no longer ignorant of History may relive it,
without the Blood, Sweat, and Tears.
With apologies to George Santayana & W. S. Churchill

"As Mark Twain once put it, “History doesn’t repeat itself, but it does rhyme.”

Offline Bibbyman

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #66 on: November 27, 2013, 12:58:00 PM »
I stopped in at the big gunshop yesterday and picked up plastic cup wads claybusters 7/8 oz size, primers Winchester 209, and 25 lbs of 7-1/2 unplated lead shot.  They thought they had the over powder cardboard wads (12 gauge). Computer said they did but wasn't there.   ( This kind of thing happens often to me all the time.)

I get home and check their online store and they have 11 guage over powder cards.  I think I read to use the 11 guage anyway to insure they sealed tight?

I have enough Fg and FFg to make a test run.  Should I go back for the 11 gauge over powder card?   Go on without a card?  Or continue to search for 12 guage over powder card?  Or... plan C, D, or E.,?

Offline Blair

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #67 on: November 27, 2013, 01:11:44 PM »
Bibbyman,

Are you loading plastic or paper shot shells, or brass shells?
Brass shells are thinner than the plastic or paper. You should use slightly larger wads in the brass shells.
Using the 209 primers would suggest they are plastic or paper.
Also, if you are loading your shot shells with bp, I would suggest staying away from the plastic shot cup or power piston type wad combination.
My best,
Blair
A Time for Prayer.
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God and the soldier we adore.
But in times of peace and all things right,
God is forgotten and the soldier slighted"
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Offline Sir Charles deMouton-Black

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #68 on: November 27, 2013, 03:08:17 PM »
The O/P said brass, Magtechs I think.  If so, use 11gauge overpowder cards and overshot cards.  11 gauge is about .777 which is what my 3/4" hollow punch from a cheapo set I got from Tandy gives me.  The cushion wads can be your regular 12 gauge as they will squish-up to size. 

CIRCLE FLY is your source for all wadding. Until you get set up, you can use "whatever" for wadding. Here are my freebee sources;

Over powder; scrap picture backing from your neighbourhood frame shop. 1/16" thick, so use two.

Cushion wads; 1/8" cork gasket material from your auto supply store.
                      Felt from DUROFELT
                      1/4 sheet of kitchen towel wadded up & stuffed in on top of the O/P cards.

If you have problems with loose patterns, cut off the shot protection end of a plastic wad and use that, or heavy paper in a "coin roll" manner.  BTW; the coin roll plan is usfull and traditional.
NCOWS #1154, SCORRS, STORM, BROW, 1860 Henry, Dirty Rat 502, CHINOOK COUNTRY
THE SUBLYME & HOLY ORDER OF THE SOOT (SHOTS)
Those who are no longer ignorant of History may relive it,
without the Blood, Sweat, and Tears.
With apologies to George Santayana & W. S. Churchill

"As Mark Twain once put it, “History doesn’t repeat itself, but it does rhyme.”

Offline Bibbyman

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #69 on: November 27, 2013, 03:44:50 PM »
Not long after I poked post I realized I had left out I was planning to use Remington STS hulls and some Peters field load hulls that look to be identical except for color and headstamp. 

The guy at the gunshop said not to use the Federal field load hulls.  Something about tapered walls?  Naturally,  I have far more of them.  But that's not a problem as I have plenty of the STS hulls and each match everyone that does not reload dumps their hulls in a bucket.

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #70 on: Today at 12:28:42 AM »

Offline Blair

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #70 on: November 27, 2013, 04:29:29 PM »
STS?

Sorry, I am kind of stupid about these pseudonyms.
What does this mean?
Blair
A Time for Prayer.
"In times of war and not before,
God and the soldier we adore.
But in times of peace and all things right,
God is forgotten and the soldier slighted"
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Offline Bibbyman

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #71 on: November 27, 2013, 04:48:01 PM »
STS?

Sorry, I am kind of stupid about these pseudonyms.
What does this mean?
Blair

STS is a brand/model of Remington target loads.

http://www.remington.com/products/ammunition/shotshells/target-loads/premier-sts-target-loads.aspx

Offline Blair

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #72 on: November 27, 2013, 05:01:04 PM »
Plastic hulled shot shells?
Is that correct?
Blair
A Time for Prayer.
"In times of war and not before,
God and the soldier we adore.
But in times of peace and all things right,
God is forgotten and the soldier slighted"
by Rudyard Kipling.
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Offline Bibbyman

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #73 on: November 27, 2013, 05:15:52 PM »
Plastic hulled shot shells?
Is that correct?
Blair


Correct.

Offline Blair

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #74 on: November 27, 2013, 05:32:38 PM »
Thanks,

You all have a great Holliday Season
Blair
A Time for Prayer.
"In times of war and not before,
God and the soldier we adore.
But in times of peace and all things right,
God is forgotten and the soldier slighted"
by Rudyard Kipling.
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Offline Sir Charles deMouton-Black

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #75 on: November 27, 2013, 07:42:04 PM »
I find that most of the R-P shells seem to accept the same loads.  STS, GunClub, Peters blue field hulls and the prizes are the gold NITRO hulls that look awfully like brassers.  8)

And all of them seem to slip out of the breach with a quick jerk where most others seem stickier. 8)

AND they LAST 8) 8)
NCOWS #1154, SCORRS, STORM, BROW, 1860 Henry, Dirty Rat 502, CHINOOK COUNTRY
THE SUBLYME & HOLY ORDER OF THE SOOT (SHOTS)
Those who are no longer ignorant of History may relive it,
without the Blood, Sweat, and Tears.
With apologies to George Santayana & W. S. Churchill

"As Mark Twain once put it, “History doesn’t repeat itself, but it does rhyme.”

Offline Grapeshot

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Re: Shot shell loading
« Reply #76 on: April 30, 2014, 06:44:47 PM »
Russian 12 Gauge Steel Shotgun Hulls, How to Modify Them for Use in the Reproduction Winchester 1887 Lever Action Shotguns or the Reproduction Winchester M1897 Pump Shotguns. 
By:  William C. Oxx


HISTORY:
The Model 1887 was the first truly successful repeating shotgun. Its lever-action design was chosen at the behest of the Winchester Repeating Arms Company, best known at the time as manufacturers of lever-action firearms such as the Winchester model 1873. Designer John Browning suggested that a pump-action would be much more appropriate for a repeating shotgun, but Winchester management's position was that, at the time, the company was known as a "lever-action firearm company", and felt that their new shotgun must also be a lever-action for reasons of brand recognition. Browning responded by designing a breech-loading, rolling block lever-action.
Shotgun shells at the time used black powder as a propellant, and so the Model 1887 shotgun was designed and chambered for less powerful black powder shotgun shells. Both 10 and 12-gauge models were offered in the Model 1887. It was soon realized that the action on the M1887 was not strong enough to handle early smokeless powder shotgun shells, and so a redesign resulted in the stronger Winchester Model 1901, 10-gauge only, to handle the advent of the more powerful smokeless powder. No 12-gauge chambering was offered, as Winchester did not want the Model 1901 to compete with their successful 12-gauge Model 1897 pump-action shotgun. Other distinguishing characteristics of the Model 1901 are:
•   a two piece lever
•   the Winchester trademark stamp was moved to the upper tang, behind the hammer
•   serial numbers between 64,856 and 79,455
Although a technically sound gun design, the market for lever-action shotguns waned considerably, as John Browning had predicted, after the introduction of the Winchester 1897 and other contemporary pump-action shotguns. Model 1887 production totaled 64,855 units between 1887 and 1901. Between 1901 and 1920, an additional 14,600 Model 1901 shotguns were manufactured before the Model 1887/1901 product line was discontinued. Serial numbers for the Model 1901 started where the serial numbers of the Model 1887 left off at 64,856 and ran through number 79,455. Thus, only 14,600 Model 1901s were produced indicating the declining demand for the lever action shotgun.
Reproduction:
Over the years, a number of gun companies tried to produce Model 1887/1901 shotguns that could chamber modern, smokeless shotgun shells—largely for the cowboy action shooting discipline—but with little commercial success. Recently however, three firearm companies have successfully produced viable models for the commercial firearms market:
•   ADI Limited of Australia, produced a small trial run of modern Model 1887/1901 shotguns, chambered for modern smokeless 12-gauge shot gun shells. This was ostensibly to exploit a loophole in newer tighter gun laws in Australia which prohibited semi-automatic rifles and shotguns and pump action shotguns, amongst others, but still allowed bolt-action and lever-action rifles and shotguns. Commercial production on this firearm by ADI was anticipated for 2007, following several years of delays due to distribution issues, but this has not yet happened.
•   Chinese arms manufacturer Norinco currently produces the Model 1887 shotgun chambered for modern smokeless 12-gauge shells, a version of which (featuring a 20" barrel) is manufactured for the American firearms firm Interstate Arms Corporation (IAC) and exported for sale in the United States, Canada, and Australia. As the only legal repeating shotgun (besides Mossberg bolt-action shotguns) for non-Primary Producer firearms owners in Australia, it has proven very popular with hunters and sporting shooters alike. U.S. and Canadian sales, however, have been largely focused on cowboy action shooting participants, owing to the ready availability of affordable pump-action and semi-automatic shotguns in most parts of the U.S. and Canada.
•   The Italian firm Chiappa Firearms manufactures modern reproductions of the Winchester Model 1887 series shotguns. The shotguns appeared on the Australian and the European firearms markets in late 2008


Ever a get a line on a deal that was too good to pass up?  Yeah, me to, mine was back in the mid 1990’s.  I was working at Gunpowder Indoor Range, in Bel Air, MD and was perusing one of our trade flyers from Century Arms and found a deal on a case of Russian Bi-Metal 12 Gauge Shotgun Shells.
My co-worker and I bought a case and split it up.  The shells worked great in my Rossi side-by-side, but wouldn’t function in his Mossberg pump.  The nomenclature indicated that they were 2.75 inches shells and they did fit in both my Rossi’s three inch chambers and my 2.75 inch chambers of my Baikel SxS.  They did have a serious drawback.  Sometimes the primers were duds.  These I would disassemble and put aside.
I used my metal hulls competing in Cowboy Action Shooting and collected lots of style points but they weren’t reloadable being Berdan primed, so I found the right size drill bit, fifteen-sixty fourths of an inch, and drilled out the old Berdan Primers, counter sunk the hole to insure that the # 209 shotgun primer would fit flush and reloaded several to see how they’d work.
I wasn’t impressed with the performance of my reloaded metal hulls.  I did use Circle Fly wads and was able to snag a five gallon bucket of Alcan 12 gauge fiber wads, but I lost interest and put both the empties and loaded rounds in storage in my reloading shed.
Fast forward to 2000.  I had decided to switch my shooting discipline from Traditional to Frontier Cartridge.  I bought an 1866 “Yellowboy” from one of my shooting partners who had upgraded to a ’73, and started to reload my .45 Colt, .44WCF cartridges and Plastic 12 gauge hulls with Black Powder, Pyrodex, or 777 and more recently with Goex Pinnacle.
Then I remembered my stash of Russian shells.  I disassembled all the Russian shells and separated the shot, wadding, and smokeless powder into separate containers.  I was surprised to see the powder was a square flake and a pale green in color.
The shells that still had live primers I charged with 4.3cc’s of Pyrodex and reinstalled the heavy felt wads and replaced the #5 shot with 1.5 ounces of #7.5 shot.  The Russians used a plastic cup that fit tight in the mouth of the hull that held the shot in place.  I used those until I found about using white glue or Duco Cement to hold the over shot wad firmly in the hull.
Typical Black Powder clean-up procedures work well with these cases, but the copper plating does darken up very fast and green corrosion sometimes formed around the hull and had to be cleaned off before you could load or shoot them.  I did try to shoot a few that had this verdigris around the case mouth and had to resort to using a cleaning rod to punch them out of the chambers of my double barreled shotgun.  So from that point on I coated the hulls with Brasso, let them dry and threw them into my tumbler.  They came out nice and shiny.
Out of all of this, I found that any #209 shot shell primer works with Black Powder or the subs.
So what does all this have to do with modifying these Russian hulls for use in repeaters?  Well you had to get the background so you can see how much work I went thru to bring this information to my fellow shooters.
I’ve had a lot of time on my hands since I returned from Iraq and started hunting for a job, so as I was getting ready for the next Cowboy Shoot I thought I’d see what I could do with this stash of metal hulls because I wanted to use them in my IAC Lever Action 1887 12 gauge Shotgun..

In this photo you can see the original length of 2.75 inches of the Russian hulls and the tarnish that covers them.  On the right are the modified hulls that were shortened to 60mm and cleaned up with Brasso.  Above the hulls are the rings that were cut from the front of long hulls.  I used a tube cutter which causes a slightly crimped look to the mouth of the shortened hulls.  The next time I start shortening any more hulls, I plan to get a small chop saw from Harbor Freight. 
Once I had 25 hulls shortened, I tried to see how well they fed thru my 1887 lever action shotgun.  All but eight chambered.  I attributed this to old hulls that were fired using smokeless powder and the pressure expanded the hulls so they only fit in my double barreled SG.  I had to go through my stash and find eight that would chamber freely in my 1887.
Once I had all the hulls shortened, polished, and ready to be reloaded, I retreated to my reloading shed.  I did not have the disposable funds to get the Chop Saw, so I bought an eighteen inch length of three-quarter inch PVC tubing and measured and cut a 60mm length off of it to act as a case length gage and used a hack saw to score a ring around the circumference of the hull and then used the pipe cutter to shorten the hull to the proper length. Once I had my old Lee Loader, pin block and wooden mallet out I proceeded to punch out the old primers.  Once that was done I began re-priming using Fiocchi 209 primers.  Again, the Lee Loader and some antique reloading tools I picked up some years ago came in handy.

The antique tools seen here are great for reloading brass hulls, but they did not work all that well with the Russian Steel hulls.  I was real leery using the priming tool with the 209 primers, so I went with the Lee Loader’s priming tool/wad seater and the wooden mallet.
Once the primers were seated in the hulls, I used a Lee 4.0cc dipper to charge the hull with Goex Pinnacle 3Fg.  I then seated a Circle Fly 11 gauge .125 inch over powder wad and applied pressure to compress the powder.  I then seated a Circle Fly one half inch thick, 11 gauge fiber wad.
I then seated the shot cup I cut off from a smokeless12 gauge Federal wad.  I then added a one and one-eighth ounce charge of #7.5 shot dropped from the dipper included in the Lee Loader Kit.  After the shot was dumped into the hull I used a Circle Fly 10 gauge over shot card wad to secure the shot in the hull and put a bead of white glue around the inner perimeter of the hull to seal and secure the card in place.

I normally use either Federal paper hulls, or any of the various plastic hulls I pick up at the matches I go to for my Black Powder shot shell loadings.  I wanted to try something else and since I did not have any brass hulls I decided to experiment with the old Russian hulls I had.  I can see a sizing die in my future to bring these hulls down to the correct diameter and circumference so they will feed easy in my particular shotgun.
I do have a MEC collet sizer, but it does not size the full length of the case so I haven’t been able to get more of these hulls to chamber in the 1887 SG.  I’m known to do things the hard way, but I don’t look at it like that.  I see a problem that needs a solution.  A quick call to CH 4D Tool and Die and I had a 12 Gauge sizing die in a few days.
Again I retreated to the reloading shed and, with a little effort, I removed the screw in bushing from my RCBS Rock Chucker and installed the 12 Gauge Sizing Die and an RCBS 12 Gauge shell holder in the press and ram.  I removed the de-capping stem from the die body as it wouldn’t remove the No. 209 primers from the hulls.

After coating the hulls with RCBS’s case sizing lubricant I ran them up into the sizing die.  Some were hard to push up into the die and some weren’t, but after a trip through the die then just dropped into the chamber of my 1887 shotgun.  But not all of them would allow the breach block to fully close.  It seems that the rims are not uniform in thickness on these hulls.  So I had to take a needle file and take metal off the forward edge of the rim until the hull allowed the breach block to close completely.  This would have been easy if I had a small hobby lathe, but it was time consuming having to file a bit, check the fit, and file some more until it fit, and was able to chamber, locking the breach, and eject using the lever and extractors……..  This is so much fun.

(I noticed some closing problems with my Double Barrel but chalked that up to the hulls needed to be resized.)  This project was becoming a real chore.  I can only offer this conjecture; the Russians make their shotguns with sloppy specs to match their ammunition’s sloppy specs. 
Listen!  Do you hear that?  The roar of Cannons and the screams of the dying.  Ahh!  Music to my ears.

 

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