Cartridge is supposedly a granulation between 2f & 3F....So it should work ok. I tried a few cans of cartridge grade when it was introduced, and it was "okay", but don't recall charging my 1860's with it.... I had a case of something else (?) at the time and was using that stuff up in my C&B pistols and muzzleloaders. I'm not real choosy when it comes to black powder for C&B, pistols loads and general cowboy shooting, the formula of BP is the same for any breed, You move up the ladder incrementally with the more costly powders and will see some improvements in velocity & reduced fouling, but these will be small percentages - to be used when worthwhile.
That said, I've used the following in 44 Colt & Remington Armys with satisfactory results:
King Powder Co. 3F
Dupont 2F, 3F
Goex 2F, 3F, 4F
Elephant 2F, 3F, 4F
Black Diamond 2F, 3F
Kik 2F, 3F
Schuetzen 2F, 3F
Pyrodex RS, P
I used fairly light charges with the 4F powder....not my first choice in powder, but was adequate for the purpose of 5-10 yd cowboy shooting. Always seat projectiles firmly on the powder for best results.
I'm one of the more "notorious" BP shooters in the area, and as such friends tip me off when miscellaneous black powder and minor accessories are no longer wanted in someone's home. Once or twice I've even found a box of cool "stuff" sitting at my doorstep. I assure folks I will dispose of the powder, primers, etc in a safe manner... and it seems to ease their minds greatly.
(Doing my best to take in unwanted BP)